Responsibility is a term that is defined by "the obligation to do something, to respond, to account for something, to accept and bear the consequences." The child needs to be helped to understand and take on responsibilities very early. To get to take responsibility for him, to become his: to be able to do his homework, to be able to organize his everyday life.
The child learns to be responsible through adult imitation and social approval, which is a reward. The fact of being praised, encouraged and approved by the significant adults in his life increases the self-esteem of the child and motivates him to be responsible. Parents' efforts must be combined with that of educators, the results being visible over time. In order to make this more appropriate and appropriate, we must take into account the child's age and the stage of development.
At the age of 2-3, the child can perform light tasks under the supervision of the adult. He can not make the difference between what is good to do and what not, not having developed self-control, so the adult has an important role to play in guiding him. The child can be taught to collaborate with the adult, for example, on dressing or arranging clothes.
At the age of 3 to 4, the child begins to develop self-control and becomes aware of all the actions of the adult, trying to imitate him. At this age, the child acts according to the rewards or punishments he receives. As an activity, he can participate in table arranging, clothes and clothes where he gains autonomy but is also very interested in playing with other children where he can be taught to relate positively to other children to share toys and in the case of aggressive behaviors, draw attention to the negative consequences of their behavior or other children.
At the age of 4-5, the child continues to imitate adults, needs to be guided, wants to thank adults and help others learn to dress alone, strangling toys in the room. At this age, the child becomes independent in daily activities of eating and caring (dress, wash, go to the bathroom alone). He may also learn to be responsible for the order in his room.
At the age of 5 to 6, the child develops a multitude of behaviors, but needs an adult to guide him. At this age, it is good for the adult to offer some variants and to let him choose to have the impression of independence in the decision. In this way, the child can be taught about the consequences of his choices. At this age the child can do some home activities, like cleaning and setting the table, sorting the clothes in his room. It is also important that when children play in social environments with other children, adults are taught to adhere to the rules of games.