The institutionalized framework of the kindergarten is, in fact, the child's first social experience. Through its varied activities, its contents and size, kindergarten is an element of novelty in the child's life. Adapting the child to the new environment is a long-lasting process, which involves a sustained effort from both the child and the teaching staff or of the adults who support him. The child enters a world full of unknown, unique challenges and experiences. The promising role of the kindergarten is to integrate and systematize the knowledge acquired by the child during the first years of his life, to help in his direct contact with elements from the environment, to enrich the relationships and interactions with the others, to familiarise the child with ways to collect and transmit information, to achieve physical, aesthetic objectives and to meet the needs of social relationships.
Taking into account the age and understanding of the preschool child, the educator is the one who will lead and guide the child in all forms of learning, thus stimulating his interest in the activities and objects around him. During childhood, children re-create important acquisitions in physical, mental, but especially emotional state and what constitutes the basis of learning and education in the years to come is the curiosity that characterizes them. The preparation of children for school, for continuous learning, has its beginnings in kindergarten, where it acquires the first intellectual behaviors, enters the stories universe or makes contact with the first scientific contents.
Until school, due to kindergarten, the child acquires the ability to enter into optimal relationships with people around him, to adapt to the environment in which he operates. The intensity of the emotional moment the child enters school, depends largely on the child's experience in relation to those around him, therefore the child who experiences on the first day of school the first separation from the family will be dominated by fear. It is noted in this case the fundamental role of the kindergarten in preparing the preschooler for the stage of schooling. Kindergarten attendance offers the child the opportunity to get in touch with the social environment, laying the foundation for the development of personality and knowledge and communication skills.
The child's journey along the sub-steps of pre-school (young pre-school, middle-preschool and old-preschool) is long and rich, with challenges designed to get the child out of his confused world and help him in his personality evolution, to prepare him for a new stage of his development, the entrance to school.